Title : A study to further develop and refine Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) nerve conduction Grading Tool
The severity of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) may be categorised in a number of ways utilising one of a range of presently available grading tools. The grading systems proposed by Bland and Padua are the most commonly used, however, both have limitations, which are discussed in detail in this paper.
The aim of this research is to establish, using the best available evidence, a clinically appropriate revision of the current CTS nerve conduction grading tool, and to compare with existing grading tools used in UK Neurophysiology clinics. The revised scale is designed from a clinical physiologist perspective and based on the numerical values of nerve conduction findings.
In contrast to Bland’s (with grading of 1 to 6), the proposed revised grading system is based on more nuanced, descriptive categories, ranging from Normal to Early, Mild Sensory, Mild Sensory Motor, Moderate Sensory, Moderate Sensory Motor, Severe Sensory Motor, Extremely Severe Sensory Motor, and Complete absence. An additional two categories of clinical grading are therefore proposed (Graded 1-8).
A total of 1123 patients (2246 hands) were included in this study, with the aim of evaluating the revised grading system. Data was collected based on the extensive and detailed grading systems previously described by Bland and Padua .The tests were performed by a qualified clinical physiologist (Neurophysiology) using a Keypoint 9033A07 machine, used in line with departmental protocol (peripheral protocol1, 2015). All data was recorded numerically to ensure methodological reliability.