Title : Brain and neurological disorder, types, causes, effects and possible solutions
There are many types of brain diseases, from injuries and infections to brain tumors. They can impact your ability to function and carry out daily activities. Outcomes vary widely depending on the type of brain disease, location and severity of the condition.
The brain is the control center of your body. It regulates growth, development and bodily functions. All of your thoughts, feelings and actions begin there.
A wide range of diseases and disorders affect your brain. They can alter a person’s behavior, personality and their ability to process information and function. Many brain diseases impact a person’s capacity to carry out daily activities.
Types of brain diseases
There are many types of brain diseases. The general categories of brain diseases include:
Autoimmune brain diseases:
Autoimmune brain diseases occur when your body’s defenses attack a part of your brain, mistaking it for an invader. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most prominent of these. Like electrical wires, nerve cells have insulation covering them. Multiple sclerosis attacks this in your brain, spinal cord and the nerves going to your eyes. There are less common autoimmune brain diseases that mimic MS. There are others, like autoimmune encephalitis, which irritate your brain, causing confusion and involuntary movements.
Epilepsy is a tendency to have seizures. A seizure is an electrical storm in your brain, typically interfering with consciousness and causing convulsions (uncontrolled movements). Some seizures can be subtle — only causing clouding of consciousness or uncontrolled movements of one part of your body.
Infections occur when various types of germs invade your brain or its protective coverings. Meningitis happens when your protective coverings are infected. It often causes headaches, confusion and a very stiff neck. Sometimes, it’s necessary to do a spinal tap to find out which germ is causing an infection so the right antibiotics can be given.
Mental, behavioral and emotional disorders can diminish a person’s quality of life and ability to function. Major types include:
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Psychiatrists and psychologists generally treat mental illnesses. If your brain were a computer (and in some ways, it is), your mind would be like a program running in it. In other words, your mind is your brain’s “operating system.” Psychiatrists and psychologists are like computer programmers who try to figure out why this program is causing distress instead of working as it should.
Often, treatment involves both medications and therapy. People are sometimes hesitant to see a mental health specialist. But they shouldn’t be. Mental illness affects 1 in 5 adults.
Neurodegenerative brain diseases
Neurodegenerative disorders are often due to the accumulation of abnormal proteins in your brain. They include Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), among many others. They’re most often slowly progressive and interfere with thought, memory, movement or some combination of these things. They’re more common in the elderly. Some run in families.
Neurodevelopmental disorders affect the growth and development of your brain, and are usually cared for by pediatric neurologists. Medical geneticists may determine whether a disorder is likely to be inherited. If it is, they provide family counseling. There are a large number of neurodevelopmental disorders, including:
Symptoms of brain disease
Your brain controls all of your bodily functions. If your brain is injured or diseased, any of those functions can be impacted depending on the type, location and severity of the condition. You may experience general symptoms, such as:
Nausea and vomiting
Brain diseases may also show up as changes in:
Audience Take Away
- They will have a general insight and idea about brain diseases
- The presentation will create awareness about brain diseases and neurology
- In addition, the audience will have ideas on how to handle children with these disorders
- It can help the audience to make the right references in cases of brain diseases and neurology
- School counselors will learn more about brain disorders and its impact on students
- It will help teachers present learn about how to deal and manage in their class rooms students with such disorders
- The presentation can help psychological counselors to assist their clients suffering from post-trauma to avoid brain disorder and neurological disorder.