HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Baltimore, Maryland, USA or Virtually from your home or work.

10th Edition of International Conference on Neurology and Brain Disorders

October 21-23, 2024

October 21 -23, 2024 | Baltimore, Maryland, USA
INBC 2019

Husham Bayazed

Speaker at Brain Disorders Conference - Husham Bayazed
College of Medicine, University of Zakho, Iraq
Title : Anti-?2-Glycoprotein I Autoantibody Expression as a Potential Biomarker for Strokes in Patients with Anti-Phospholipid Syndrome


Anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease. Cerebral ischemia associated with APS occurs at a younger age than typical atherothrombotic cerebrovascular disease, is often recurrent, and is associated with high positive IgG anti-phospholipid (GPL) unit levels. This study sought to determine the frequency rates of anti-cardiolipin (aCL) dependent on the presence of β2-GPI, anti-β2-glycoprotein I (aβ2-GPI), and anti-phosphatidyl serine (aPS) IgG autoantibodies among stroke patients, and thus demonstrate the importance of testing for aβ2-GPI autoantibodies. For these study, stroke patients and control subjects recruited from Mosul, Erbil, and Dohuk provinces in Northeren Iraq were evaluated. All cases were under 50 years-of-age and had no recognizable risk factors. Using ELISA to evaluate the presence of IgG isotype of aCL, aβ2-GPI, and aPS autoantibodies in their blood, the results indicated that the frequency of aβ2-GPI was 14/50 (28%), aCL was 11/50 (22%), and aPS was 9/50 (18%) among stroke patients. In contrast, aCL was detected in 2/30 (6.7%) of control subjects; each of the other anti-phospholipid antibodies (APLA) was never observed. Of all the aβ2-GPI+ cases, the incidence of stroke patients having the combined profile of aβ2-GPI + aCL was 11/14 (78.6%) and of aβ2-GPI + aPS was 9/14 (64.3%). Only 2/14 (14.3%) of these aβ2-GPI+ patients also expressed aCL in the absence of aPS. The frequency of patients expressing all three markers was only 9/14 (64.3 %). In none of the APS/stroke patients were aCL or aPS expressed in the absence of the aβ2-GPI. Conversely, aβ2-GPI as a sole marker was seen in 3/14 (21.4%) of these patients (i.e., in absence of either other marker). It can be concluded from these studies that the among the three major forms of APLA examined, the presence of aβ2-GPI IgG autoantibodies appeared to correlate best with stroke in patients who were concurrently suffering APS.


Husham Bayazed has completed his PhD at the University of Mosul, College of Medicine. He is now a Consultant at the Scientific Research Center, University of Zakho/Kurdistan Region, Iraq. He is a Specialist and Consultant in Microbiology and Immunology and has published more than 25 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as a Scientific Reviewer for many local and international medical journals. In addition, he has a Fellowship of ISC, Infection, Cancer, Immunology Advisory Board Member (EUROMDnet) Belgium, Membership of World Stroke Organization, Membership of Metabolomics, USA, and Membership of American Association of Science & Technology with more than 20 participations in international scientific meetings all over the world.