HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Boston, Massachusetts, USA or Virtually from your home or work.

8th Edition of International Conference on Neurology and Brain Disorders

October 19-21, 2023

October 19 -21, 2023 | Boston, Massachusetts, USA
INBC 2018

Karine Bertoldi

Speaker at International Conference on Neurology and Brain Disorders 2018 - Karine Bertoldi
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS,, Brazil
Title : A3 adenosine receptor agonists did not protect hippocampal slices under excitotoxicity conditions


A neuroprotective function of adenosine against ischemic/excitotoxic cell damage has been demonstrated. The adenosine receptors named A1, A2A, A2B, and A3 have been implicated in a wide range of biological functions as well as in pathological states such as ischemic injury. However, the involvement of A3 receptor is unclear and controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of A3 adenosine agents, NECA and HEMADO on glutamate-induced excitotoxicity model using hippocampal slices of Wistar rats. Male Wistar rats aged 3 months (n=6 per group) were killed and hippocampi were quickly dissected out; transverse sections (400 µm) using a McIlwain tissue chopper were obtained. This study was approved by the Local Ethics Committee (CEUA—Comissão de Ética no Uso de Animais—UFRGS; nr.29819). Hippocampal slices were incubated with Krebs-Henseleit medium containing the adenosinergic compounds NECA [5-(N-ethylcarboxamido)-adenosine] or HEMADO [2-(1-Hexynyl)-N6-methyladenosine]. After, the slices were incubated with a solution containing 10 nM of glutamate for 60 min at 37 °C to induce excitotoxicity followed by a recovery period (150 min). Then, the cell viability was determined through the ability of cells to reduce MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-diphenyltetrazolium bromide). The glutamate incubation, in the tested times and concentrations, increases the mitochondrial activity (about 20%). The HEMADO in vitro incubation did not alter the mitochondrial activity either in basal conditions neither in slices submitted to glutamate-induced toxicity. In despite of the in vitro incubation of NECA, we observed a tendency to decrease the mitochondrial activity in basal conditions as well an increase in a glutamate-induced toxicity (not statistically significant). It is possible to conclude that A3 agents were unable to protect hippocampal slices under excitotoxiciy conditions, suggesting that A3 receptors are not associated with protective adenosine effects. However, further experiments evaluating different glutamate concentrations, incubation times and other damage models are necessary to better understand the role of A3 receptor in ischemic injury.


Karine Bertoldi is undergraduated in Nursing from Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Brazil. She has a master’s degree and a PhD in Physiology from UFRGS. She currently is an associated collaborator in the Neuropsychopharmacology Laboratory coordinated by Prof. Ionara Rodrigues Siqueira (UFRGS) and works as a nurse at the Radiology Service of the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil. She has experience with studies involving the physical exercise effects on inflammatory, epigenetics and oxidative parameters in rats at different development stages, specially aged animals. Her PhD thesis was focused in the modulation of treadmill exercise and aging process on secretases activities and profile of circulating vesicles in healthy rats.