Dr. Vainshenker completed graduation in 1994, and started to work as neurosurgeon after receiving MD and, since 2001, as a neurologist. She received her PhD degree in neurology in the A.L. Polenov Russian Neurosurgical Institute (St. Petersburg, Russia). Since 2005, Dr. Vainshenker works at the N.P.Bechtereva Institute of the Human Brain of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Her research interests include disorders of consciousness, effects of botulinum toxin therapy on central nervous system, and immunologic and chronic infectious diseases of the CNS.