Prof. Medvedev received his Ph.D. degree in Theoretical Physics from Lenigrad State University in 1972. His further research interests were devoted to the mechanisms of the human brain in both healthy and diseased states, with a special interest in brain functions inherent to humans: speech, emotions, creativity, etc. In 1988, he received his Dr.Sci degree in neurophysiology. In 1990, Prof. Medvedev organized and headed the Institute of the Human Brain of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1997, he was elected Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and in 2016, Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.